Failure to provide safely installed and maintained electrical appliances can lead to prosecution as it is a criminal offence. Possibly penalties for failing to comply are as follows:
1.Your property insurance may be invalidated.
2.A fine of £5,000 per item not complying.
3.Six month’s imprisonment.
4.The Tenant may also sue you for civil damages.
5.Possible manslaughter charges in the even of deaths.
These regulations are enforced by the Health and Safety Executive. To avoid legal prosecution, it is advisable for landlords to have periodic checks done by a qualified electrician.
Under Part P of the Building Regulations, it is a requirement that certain types of electrical work in dwellings, garages, sheds, greenhouses and outbuilding also comply with the standards.
In all cases, a competent electrician must carry out the work. In order for the landlord to perform electrical work, he must belong to one of the Government’s approved Competent Person Self-Certification schemes or submit a building notice to the local authority before doing the work himself.
Here are a few safety procedures that should be followed:
1.Keep supplied appliances to a minimum.
2.Ensure that all fuses are of the correct type.
3.Make sure appliances supplied are complete and in working order.
4.Ensure that flexes are in good order and properly attached to appliances and plugs.
5.Ensure that earth tags are in place.
6.Make a note of all fuse ratings on the inventory.
7.Ensure that plugs are of an approved type with sleeved live and neutral pins.
8.Pay particular attention to second hand equipment.
9.Ensure that operating instructions and safety warning notices are supplied with the appliances.
10.Make sure that tenants know the location of and have access to the main consumer unit, fuses and isolator switch.
Portable Appliance Testing (PAT) in rental accommodation
Portable Appliance Testing is a process in which electrical appliances are routinely checked for safety. The correct term for the whole process is In-service Inspection and Testing of Electrical Equipment.
1.If the property is an Houses in Multiple Occupation you are required by law to provide yearly PAT certificates for all appliances.
2.Any second hand equipment must be PAT tested by law. That’s why charity shops no longer accept electrical goods.
3.Technically, any equipment returned from service or repair must be PAT tested and carry the requisite sticker.
Upgrading to 17 th edition R.C.D’s to replace older style fuse boards can be done quite cheaply and will provide electrical shock protection. The R.C.D will trip when there is a leak to earth from either live or neutral. The M.C.B will trip when there is a short circuit overload or when the circuit draws much more power than it should. Newer boards have dual R.C.D’s. Each protecting a group of M.C.B’s to ensure the whole installation does not shut down when a fault occurs. The most modern form of protection is a R.C.B.O (Residual Current Breaker with Overload). Each circuit is protected separately for fault and overload.If ever in doubt, get a Part P registered electrician to check any electrical appliances. Once the part P registered electrician does the work it will be registered with either N.A.P.I.T, E.L.E.C.S.A or N.I.C.E.I.C and you will get a certificate.
Codes on E.I.C.R
Danger present. There is a risk of injury and immediate remedial action is required to
remove the dangerous condition.
Potentially dangerous condition. Urgent remedial action required. This should state the
nature of the problem rather than the remedial actions required.
Improvement recommended. This code more often than not implies that while the installation
may not comply with the current B.S.7671.